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四大剽窃丑闻

原文作者:宋宜秋

  plagiarism isn't just for procrastinating2) students. even famous politicians, writers, artists and educators have been found guilty of plagiarism, whether on purpose or by accident. check out the top 4 plagiarism scandals of all time, involving some of the world's most illustrious3) publications and individuals.
   剽窃并非那些学习拖拖拉拉的学生的“专利”,就连一些有名的政客、作家、艺术家和教育界人士都曾因剽窃而东窗事发——不论他们其时是有意为之,仍是无心之失。下文列出了史上最大的四宗剽窃丑闻,世界上最有名的一些著作和人物都被牵涉其间。
   1. barack obama 巴拉克·奥巴马
  during the presidential campaign in february 2008, barack obama was accused of4) plagiarizing a speech by massachusetts governor deval patrick, given in october 2006. obama's speech, given in wisconsin, included quotations from several other speeches, which he credited to5) martin luther king, jr. and john f. kennedy, as well as a quotation from the declaration of independence. plagiarismtoday.com noted that after comparing deval's speech with obama's, one could see that obama "used many of the same quotes as well as very similar phrasing". obama apologized for not giving credit to deval after the two had worked on his speech together, and deval made a public announcement, calling the whole incident "unfair", and supporting obama's speech, according to boston.com.
   2008年2月,巴拉克·奥巴马在总统竞选活动中被指剽窃了马萨诸塞州州长德瓦尔·帕特里克在2006年10月宣布的一篇讲演。www.seunghunhome.com奥巴马在威斯康星州宣布的这篇讲演中引证了一些其他讲演的句子,奥巴马称这些句子别离出自马丁·路德·金和约翰·f·肯尼迪的讲演,这篇讲演还引证了《独立宣言》中的一句话。今天剽窃网站指出,比照德瓦尔和奥巴马两个人的讲演稿,你会发现奥巴马“引证了许多相同的词句,遣词也十分相似”。据波士顿在线网报导,奥巴马过后表明,讲演稿是他和德瓦尔两人一起起草的,并为讲演中未说明德瓦尔的奉献而致歉。德瓦尔也宣布揭露声明,称整起事情对奥巴马“有失公允”,并对奥巴马的说话表明支持。
   2. the catcher in the rye sequel 《麦田里的守望者》续篇 [188bet网站]
  one of the most iconic6) books in american literary history, the catcher in the rye, spawned7) a sketchy spin-off8) by an anonymous writer "j. d. california". j. d. salinger sued the author and is fighting to have the book—called coming through the rye—banned in the u.s. it is already being sold in england, and the anonymous author claims his version is just a parody9), while salinger believes it is plagiarism.
   singer michael bolton was involved in a serious plagiarism lawsuit after his 1991 song "love is a wonderful thing" was revealed to have been "stolen" from a 1966 song by the isley brothers, reported ew.com. in 2000 the u.s. ninth circuit court of appeals fined bolton $5.4 million, which yahoo! reports "is the largest damages award ever made as the result of a music plagiarism case".
   respected historian and writer stephen ambrose was the center of a major, highly publicized10) plagiarism scandal in 2002 after his book the wild blue: the men and boys who flew the b-24s over germany was speculated11) to have been plagiarized from a 1995 book called wings of morning: the story of the last american bomber shot down over germany in world war ii, by thomas childers, a history professor from the university of pennsylvania. as fred barnes of the weekly standard notes, very specific standout12) phrases like "glittering like mica13)" appeared in both books, though ambrose never directly quoted or acknowledged childers' book. ambrose was harshly14) criticized, and the scandal was covered in various news stories, especially when mark lewis from forbes.com found five more cases of plagiarism in another ambrose book.
   作为美国文学史上最具标志性的著作之一,《麦田里的守望者》催生了署名“j. d. 加利福尼亚”的一个匿名作家偷工减料的续篇。j. d. 塞林格将该书作者告上了法庭,现在力求在美国禁售这本名为《穿越麦田》的著作。这本书已经在英国上市,该匿名作者声称此书仅仅一部仿作,但塞林格却以为那实属剽窃。
   据ew网站报导,因为1991年的歌曲《爱如此美好》被指抄袭了艾斯里兄弟合唱团1966年发行的歌曲,歌手迈克尔·波顿被卷入了一场严重的剽窃诉讼中。2000年,美国第九巡回上诉法庭(编注:是美国最大的上诉法庭)做出判定,判罚波顿540万美元罚金,依照雅虎网站的说法,这是“迄今为止的音乐著作剽窃案子中判罚数额最高的罚金”。
   2002年,因为著作《空军兵士——1944?1945年驾驭b-24轰炸机飞越德国上空的男人们》涉嫌剽窃了宾夕法尼亚大学历史学教授托马斯·奇尔德斯于1995年出书的《晨翼:二战中德国上空最终被击落的美军轰炸机》一书,一贯受人敬重的历史学家及作家斯蒂芬·安布罗斯成了一场十分颤动的剽窃丑闻的焦点。正如《旗号周刊》的弗雷德·巴恩斯所指出的那样,虽然安布罗斯从未直接引证奇尔德斯的著作,也未将其列入称谢名单,但两部书中却都呈现了比如“闪耀着云母般的光泽”这样一些共同的妙语佳句。安布罗斯受到了强烈打击,特别是在福布斯网站的马克·刘易斯发现他的别的一部著作也存在五处剽窃问题之后,这起剽窃丑闻更是被各类新闻媒体大举报导。

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